predict.surface {fields}R Documentation

Evaluates a fitted function or its standard errors as a surface object


Evaluates a a fitted model on a 2-D grid keeping any other variables constant. The resulting object is suitable for use with functions for viewing 3-d surfaces.


predict.surface(object, grid.list = NA, extrap = FALSE, chull.mask =
                 NA, nx = 80, ny = 80, xy = c(1, 2), order.variables="xy",...), grid.list = NA, extrap = FALSE, chull.mask =
                 NA, nx = 80, ny = 80, xy = c(1, 2), 
                 order.variables="xy",verbose=FALSE, ...)


object An object from fitting a function to data. In FIELDS this is usually a Krig object.
grid.list A list with as many components as variables describing the surface. All components should have a single value except the two that give the grid points for evaluation. If the matrix or data frame has column names, these must appear in the grid list. See the grid.list help file for more details. If this is omitted and the fit just depends on two variables the grid will be made from the ranges of the observed variables.
extrap Extrapolation beyond the range of the data. If false function will be restricted to the convex hull of the observed data or the hull defined from the points from the argument chull.mask.
chull.mask Whether to restrict the fitted surface to be on a convex hull, NA's are assigned to values outside the convex hull. chull.mask should be a sequence of points defining a convex hull. Default is to form the convex hull from the observations if this argument is missing (and extrap is false).
nx Number of grid points in X axis.
ny Number of grid points in Y axis.
xy A two element vector giving the positions for the "X" and "Y" variables for the surface. The positions refer to the columns of the x matrix used to define the multidimensional surface. This argument is provided in lieu of generating the grid list. If a 4 dimensional surface is fit to data then xy= c(2,4) will evaluate a surface using the second and fourth variables with variables 1 and 3 fixed at their median values. NOTE: this argument is ignored if a grid.list arguments is passed.
order.variables If "xy" the variables in grid.list are taken in order as "x" then "y". If "yx" the roles are reversed. Suppose a grid.list had components lat, lon, elevation and one wanted a lon/lat surface at a fixed elevation. Then one would set to "yx" to make "x" lon and "y" lat.
verbose If TRUE prints out some imtermediate results for debugging.
... Any other arguments to pass to the predict function associated with the fit object.


This function creates the right grid using the grid.list information or the attribute in xg, calls the predict function for the object with these points and also adding any extra arguments passed in the ... section, and then reforms the results as a surface object (as.surface). To determine the what parts of the prediction grid are in the convex hull of the data the function in.poly is used. The argument inflation in this function is used to include a small margin around the outside of the polygon so that point on convex hull are included. This potentially confusing modification is to prevent excluding grid points that fall exactly on the ranges of the data.


The usual list components for making contour and perspective plots (x,y,z) along with labels for the x and y variables.

See Also

Tps, Krig, predict, grid.list, make.surface.grid, as.surface, surface, in.poly


fit<- Tps( BD[,1:4], BD$lnya)  # fit surface to data 

# evaluate fitted surface for  first two 
# variables holding other two fixed at median values

out.p<- predict.surface(fit)
surface(out.p, type="C") 

# plot surface for second and fourth variables 
# on specific grid. 

glist<- list( KCL=29.77, MgCl2= seq(3,7,,25), KPO4=32.13, 
                     dNTP=seq( 250,1500,,25))

out.p<- predict.surface(fit, glist)
surface(out.p, type="C")

out.p<-, glist)
surface(out.p, type="C")

[Package fields version 3.3.1 Index]